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All You need To know About Premenstrual Syndrome(PMS).

All You need To know About Premenstrual Syndrome(PMS).

Let us first of all consider what is PMS.It is a combination of physical and emotional symptoms that many women get after ovulation and before the start of their menstrual period.Some  girls and women feel some physical or emotional discomfort known as premenstrual syndrome (PMS) about a week before or during the first couple days of their periods. During PMS, you might experience changes in your appetite, backaches, acne, bloating, headaches, depression, irritability, sweating, tender breasts, and tiredness.
Premenstrual syndrome start five to 11 days before menstruation and typically go away once menstruation begins. The cause of PMS is unknown. However, many researchers believe that it’s related to a change in both sex hormone and serotonin levels at the beginning of the menstrual cycle.


Risk factors for premenstrual syndrome are:

  • a family history of PMS
  • domestic violence
  • substance abuse
  • emotional trauma
  • a history of depression or mood disorders,such as postpartum depression.
  • a family history of depression
  • physical trauma

Associated conditions are:

  • major depressive disorder
  • generalized anxiety disorder
  • schizophrenia
  • dysmenorrhea
  • seasonal affective disorder

Symptoms of PMS

PMS symptoms are not the same  for every woman. You may get physical symptoms, such as  gassiness or bloating, or emotional symptoms, such as sadness, or both. Your symptoms may also change throughout your life.
Ovulation,is the period when an egg is released from the ovaries,and this occurs on day 14 of the cycle.The woman’s menstrual cycle lasts an average of 28 days.
Menstruation, or bleeding, occurs on day 28 of the cycle. PMS symptoms can begin around day 14 and last until seven days after the start of menstruation.The severity of symptoms can vary by individual and by month. The symptoms of PMS are:
  • acne
  • food cravings, especially for sweets
  • constipation
  • headaches
  • sensitivity to light or sound
  • fatigue
  • changes in sleep patterns
  • anxiety
  • sadness
  • emotional outbursts
  • abdominal bloating
  • sore breasts
  • diarrhea
  • irritability
  • depression

When to see your doctor

See your doctor if mood swings,physical pain, and other symptoms start to affect your daily life, or if your symptoms don’t go away. The diagnosis is made when you have more than one recurrent symptom in the correct time frame that is severe enough to cause impairment and is absent between menses and ovulation. Your doctor must also cheek out other causes, such as:

  • endometriosis
  • chronic fatigue syndrome
  • connective tissue or rheumatologic diseases
  • anemia
  • irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • thyroid disease

Your doctor should also ask about any history of depression or mood disorders in your family to determine whether your symptoms are the result of PMS or another condition. Some conditions, such as  hypothyroidism, and pregnancy,IBS, have symptoms similar to PMS. Your doctor should do a thyroid hormone test to ensure that your thyroid gland is working properly, a pregnancy test, and possibly a pelvic exam to check for any gynecological problems.

Keeping a good record of your symptoms is another way to determine if you have PMS. The Use of a calendar to keep track of your symptoms and menstruation every month is also recommended. If your symptoms start around the same time each month, PMS is a likely cause.