A science park is otherwise known as a “science and technology park”, is an area that accommodates and fosters the growth of tenant firms and that is affiliated with a private and government research bodies or a university based on ownership. This is for the reason that ideas can be shared, innovation promoted.Innovation parks are scattered across the world. Usually they focus on technological R&D, often adjacent to an academic institute, and in reality an excuse to attract large number of tech businesses to locate together.
There are some obvious benefits in having similar kinds of business close by, particularly if they can share knowledge and skills, or form an ecosystem of partners or suppliers (horizontal or vertical).
Silicon Valley (USA) was a pioneer in the development of science parks the world. Originally known as Stanford University Science Park, Silicon Valley dates back to the early 1950s. It was followed by Sophia Antipolis (France) in Europe in the 1960s and Tsukuba Science City (Japan) in Asia in the early 1970s. This trio represents the oldest and the most well-known science parks in the world.
Today, there are over 400 science parks worldwide and their number is still growing. At the top of the list comes the USA, which is reported to have more than 150 science parks. Japan comes next with 111 science parks. China began developing science parks in the mid-1980s and now has around 100, 52 of which were approved by the national government and the remainder by local governments.
Let us consider the top 10 science park in the world.
1.Plymouth Science Park
Plymouth Science Park is a park situated in Plymouth, Devon, in southern England.
The park was founded in 1995, by Plymouth City Council and the University of Plymouth.
The park is located in an area of 25 acres off Derriford Road, Plymouth and being developed in several phases. It around Derriford Hospital, University of St Mark & St John and the Plymouth University. It has 150,000 sq ft (14,000 m2) of office as well as dry and wet laboratory space. The park was later renamed the Plymouth Science Park in 2014 and is the biggest park in the south of England.
2.Isfahan Science and Technology Town (ISTT)
Isfahan University of technology in Iran. It focuses in the fields of agriculture, science, and engineering, it is located 15 kilometers north west of Isfahan. It has a medical center, shopping center, dormitories, sports, and recreation centers, on the campus. The university is located in the vicinity of the historical, and commercial city of Isfahan.
First time in Iran to host 35th IASP world conference on Science Parks and Areas of Innovation from 2-5 September 2018.
3.Purdue Research Park
the Purdue Research Parks is situated in Indiana and is a product of 4 research parks. is the biggest university-affiliated research park in the United States. The other facilities are located in Indianapolis, New Albany, and Merrillville. The Purdue Research Parks was developed by the Purdue Research Foundation. It has numerous industries and fields of study, including materials science, biology, and information science. They operate business incubation programs to assist organizations.
4.Johanneberg Science Park
This Science Park was founded by the City of Gothenburg and Chalmers University of Technology Foundation in December 2009. Based on the activities currently conducted within the Chalmers University of Technology at Campus Johanneberg in Gothenburg is to create better conditions for regional sustainable growth,
The Park mainly support the development of activities within the area of Environment, Energy, Urban Development, Materials, and Nanoscience.
5.Lindholmen Science Park.
It is a science park established for development and research in transports systems, mobile communication, modern media industry and intelligent vehicles, located in Gothenburg, Sweden.
Currently,10,000 employees and 250 companies are active at Lindholmen, the biggest companies are Ericsson, IBM, Semcon, Volvo Cars, Volvo Technology, and SVT. A lot of gymnasiums are also located in the vicinity.
6.Sahlgrenska Science Park
It is a development and research park at Medicinareberget in Gothenburg. The board chairman is Marianne Dicander and the CEO Charlotta Gummeson.
They focus on life science. It has the largest total volume of life sciences in the country. The medical center has a total building space of over 100,000 m2.
7. Turku Science Park is situated in the city of Turku, Finland. A community of businesses and educational establishments. It focuses on IT industries and the development of the biotechnology. Its membership is approximately 300 companies operating in Turku, example Nokia and Fujitsu. It also works in close partnership with Turku University of Applied Sciences, Åbo Akademi University, and the University of Turku. Heavy construction work is currently taking place in Kupittaa to cater for the projects present in the area and the premises of the Science Park amount to a total of 210,000 m².
8.Hong Kong Science Park
The Hong Kong Science Park is a situated in Hong Kong. It is also next to the Chinese University of Hong Kong. It provides an environment of 330,000 square meters marketed for high-technology companies. It is designed to accommodate companies of all sizes and stages of development and to promote innovation and interaction at both local and global level.
9.Hsinchu Science Park
The Hsinchu Science Park was founded on December 15, 1980, by the government of the Republic of China to foster cutting edge state of the art scientific and technological innovation.
10.The Research Triangle Park (RTP)
The Research Triangle Park is named for the three hub cities of Chapel Hill, Raleigh, and Durham, or more properly for the three major research universities in those three cities( the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill respectively, NC State University and Duke University) The park is one of the largest research parks in the world. the park is also surrounded by the communities of Cary and Morrisville.
Over 50% of the population has a bachelor’s degree in Triangle. The Research Triangle Park is one of the smartest areas in the country. Annually, more than 8,500 young minds graduate from the research university.