Top 15 Examination Question And Answer On Geography For Secondary School Students

Geography (from Greek γεωγραφίαgeographia, literally “earth description”) is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of Earth. The first person to use the word “γεωγραφία” was Eratosthenes (276–194 BC). Geography is an all-encompassing discipline that seeks an understanding of the Earth and its human and natural complexities—not merely where objects are, but how they have changed and come to be. Below are the top 15 examination question and answer on geography for secondary school students.


Top 15 Examination Question And Answer On Geography For Secondary School Students


What continent is Honduras in?

Answer :

Honduras is on the continent of North America. However, the specific geographical region in which it is located is called Central America. This can sometimes be confusing, but Central America is geographically part of North America. Honduras is bordered by Nicaragua, El Salvador and Guatemala. It also touches the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.


What kind of land mass is Ireland?

Answer :

Ireland is an island. It is surrounded by water on all sides, including the Atlantic Ocean, Celtic Sea, and the Irish Sea.


Name an ocean that is not in the Southern Hemisphere

Answer :

Of the five oceans, only one is not at least partly in the Southern Hemisphere. The Arctic Ocean is completely in the Northern Hemisphere. Of the other four oceans, the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans are in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres, and the Southern Ocean is completely in the Southern Hemisphere.


How many U.S. states are north of the equator?

Answer :

All 50 U.S. states are north of the Equator. The Equator is an imaginary line that divides the globe into northern and southern hemispheres. All 50 U.S. states, including Hawaii, are found in the northern hemisphere. In fact, American Samoa, which is not a state, is the only populated territory of the United States that is located south of the Equator.


How many acres is Ireland?

Answer :

If you want to get technical and measure just how big Ireland is, it’s about 32,595 square miles. This includes both parts of the island of Ireland: the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland (part of the United Kingdom). An acre is 0.0015625 of a square mile; there are 640 acres in 1 square mile. Therefore:

32,595 x 640 = 20,860,800

Ireland contains about 20,860,800 acres.


Which of the two poles is located on a continent?

Answer :

The Geographic South Pole is located on the continent of Antarctica. Both the South Magnetic Pole and the South Geomagnetic Pole are also both located on Antarctica. The North Geomagnetic Pole is located on Ellesmere Island, which is a part of North America. The Geographic North Pole and the North Magnetic Pole are both located on the ice above the Arctic Ocean.


What ocean lies east of Africa?

Answer :

The Indian Ocean can be found along the east coast of Africa. Africa is also bordered by the Red Sea, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Mediterranean Sea.

Part of the coast along the Indian Ocean is called the ”Swahili Coast.” This section runs between the countries of Mozambique and Somalia.

The Indian Ocean also borders the country of South Africa. The Island of Madagascar is in the Indian Ocean, just off the African Coast.


The North European Plain runs through which countries?

Answer :

The Northern European Plain runs through the entirety of the countries of Denmark and the Netherlands, and through large parts of northern Belgium, Germany, and Poland, and small parts of France, and the Czech Republic.

The plain lies between the northern European coast on the Baltic and North Seas, running south towards the Central European Highlands. It also contains the low countries in the historical region of Flanders (now the countries of the Netherlands and Belgium), the Baltic Lowlands, and Polish Plains.

As its name suggests, the Northern European Plain contains mostly flat, low, plains and numerous bogs and marshes. Some of the major rivers of Europe, including the Rhine, the Elb, and the Vistula, also run through the plain.


Which deserts are located in Chile and Argentina?

Answer :

The South American countries of Chile and Argentina have a total of three deserts between them: the Atacama Desert in Chile, the Monte Desert in Argentina, and the Patagonian Desert which extends into both countries. The Patagonian Desert, in particular, is the largest desert in South America and the eight largest desert in the world. Additionally, the Atacama Desert is considered to be one of the driest deserts in the world. It only gets about an average of 0.6 inches of rainfall each year.


What two oceans touch Australia?

Answer :

Australia is bordered by the Indian Ocean to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east. The west coast of Australia, comprised entirely of the state of Western Australia, makes up the eastern land border of the Indian Ocean, which is defined by east Africa to the west and south Asian to the north. The east coast of Australia, specifically the states of Queensland, New South Wales, and Victoria, make up Australia’s Pacific coast. Australia is also bordered to the north by the Timor Sea, the Arafura Sea, the Gulf of Carpentaria, and the Coral Sea. To the south, it is bordered by the Tasman Sea and the Great Australia Bight.


What are the natural resources in the Bahamas?

Answer :

The Bahamas islands have oil deposits located offshore, part of a series of oil deposits in the Atlantic Ocean. What’s more, the Bahamas are densely covered in trees and there is a large timber industry. Finally, the country has many salt flats where they extract salt from the surrounding seawater. The natural beauty of the Bahamas could also be considered a natural resource, as tourism from paradise-seekers is the main component of the economy.


Where is Namibia?

Answer :

Namibia is in southwestern Africa. It borders South Africa, Angola, Botswana, and Zambia. The country’s west coast lies along the Atlantic Ocean. Much of Namibia consists of desert, and the country is sparsely populated.


What describes the political status of Antarctica?

Answer :

When you answer the question of the political status of Antarctica, it depends which country’s point of view you are taking.

in 1959, seven countries signed a treaty called the Antarctic Treaty. These countries agreed that the continent should only be used for peaceful and scientific reasons. So far, 53 countries have signed the treaty, though countries that have not adopted the treaty are not bound by it.

Different countries have claimed parts of Antarctica. These countries are Argentina, Australia, Chile, France, New Zealand, Norway, The United Kingdom, Russia, and The United States.


What hemisphere is Russia in?

Answer :

Russia is located in the northern hemisphere since it lies north of the equator. In fact, the majority of Russia’s territory is closer to the north pole than it is the equator. Much of Russia’s climate reflects its northern position. More than half of the country lies north of the sixty degrees north latitude line which means large portions of its territory experience six months of snow cover. Russia’s southernmost point lies above the forty degrees north latitude line.


Through which continents does the Tropic of Capricorn pass?

Answer :

The Tropic of Capricorn passes through the continents of South America, Africa, and Australia. Defined as the southernmost latitudinal line at which the sun is directly overhead during the winter solstice (December 21), the Tropic of Capricorn lies at a latitude of approximately 23.5 degrees south of the equator. The Tropic of Capricorn is one of two such extreme tropical latitudes, the other being the Tropic of Cancer (the northernmost latitude at which the sun is directly overhead during the summer solstice – June 21).