The Pomeranian Dogs-Health Issues and Common Preventive Measures


Deep research has been carried out about the fantastic characteristics and facts about Pomeranian dogs. It is believed this article would help you know most important facts and characteristics about the Pomeranian dogs. Unlike our previous article on “Chocolate Lab Puppies“, this article is mainly focused on Pomeranian dogs.

Pomeranian dogs are originally originated/birthed from large sled dog breeds, the small and little Pomeranian dogs you see today has a very long and interesting history traced back from the region of Pomerania. The foxy-faced looking dog which due to his smallness and capabilities was nicknamed “the little dog who thinks he can,” is small as the name implies but very active and tireless capable of challenge other large and giant breed of dogs in some ways.

Brief History of Pomeranian Dogs

The history of Pomeranian dogs is traced back from the name of the region Pomerania which is currently Poland and this breed of dogs were developed from the ancient Spitz breeds. Although these weren’t the original Pomeranians, the original Pomeranians were larger in size, weighing about 30 pounds and they also worked as sheep herders. Marie Antoinette, Emile Zola, Mozart and Queen Victoria all owned Pomeranians. In 1870 the Kennel Club in England first recognized them as a breed. In 1888 Queen Victoria began breeding and showing the dogs. It was she who started breeding them down in size, making the breed very popular in England. The Pomeranian was first recognized by the AKC in 1888. Some of the Pom’s talents include: watchdog, agility and performing tricks. Poms make superior circus performers.

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How Much Do Pomeranian Dogs Cost

Though the Pomeranian dogs are small in size, they are very expensive to purchase. To this regard, if you are buying a Pomeranian dog, you should be able to decide on your intentions for purchasing the dog. Should you buy it for the purpose of securing your home, or are you buying it as a pet dog? Basically, breed-quality and look of the dog will affect the cost range pretty significantly which is also applicable to every other breed f dog out there. Factors like appearance can reduce the price significantly, while, on the other hand, fur with rare and exotic colors can bump the price tag up quite a bit.

Prices of Pomeranian dogs vary from countries, individuals, and the pureness of the breed. Prices of Pomeranian dogs could be as low as $500 which in Nigeria is N175,000 and could also be very to the sum amount of $4,000 in which in Nigeria is N1,400,000. Considering the price of Pomeranian dogs from the general perspective even after considering the factors which could affect the pricing, you should budget about $600-$1,500 which if converted to naira would be  N210,000 – N525,000.

Facts about Pomeranian Dogs

  •  The Pomeranian dogs are small, toy-sized dogs with a wedge-shaped head which is almost equal to the size of its body and a straight short muzzle.
  • The Pomeranian dogs have colour coats that vary with others.
  • The most amazing fact about Pomeranian dogs is that the colour coat of the nose is completely different from the colour coat of the body.
  • The teeth meet in a scissors bite.
  • The almond-shaped eyes are dark and medium in size.
  • These dogs are always very sensitive to hearing that’s the more reason they have erected ears almost all the time.
  • They have their feather-like tail to be straight and flat over the back.
  • The Pom as most people would call them have thick and double coats which make them quite different and special from other breeds of dogs.
  • The outer coat is long, straight and harsh in texture, while the undercoat is soft, thick and short.
  • It has the coat covering the neck down to the chest. The coat comes in various colour coats and styles which includes orange, red, white, cream, blue, black, tan, brown, sable, orange sable, brindle and parti-color.
  • If you’ve ever searched for a good and friendly dog to live the house with, we highly recommend the Pomeranian dog. They are highly emotional and are active indoors even without a yard.
  • The Pomeranian dogs are not too god with kids. In isolation, this dog breed might not be the best option for kids. However, to mitigate the risks, have the puppy grow up with kids and provide it with plenty of pleasant and relaxed experiences with them. This breed is also friendly toward other pets and very friendly toward strangers.
  • To keep your Pom energized and smart all day, you will need to undertake a daily walking routine that would help them in keeping fit. Remember that dogs that do not undergo daily walking routine will always have abnormal behavioral tendencies. They will also enjoy a good romp in a safe, open area off lead, such as a large, fenced-in yard.
  • Grooming should be performed regularly to keep its fur in good shape. Occasional trimming or stripping needed.
  • Moderate Shedding: Expect this dog to shed regularly. Be prepared to vacuum often. Brushing will reduce shedding as well as make the coat softer and cleaner.

Moderately Easy Training: Since the Pomeranians are basically intelligent, that characteristic makes it easier for the trainers to get them through the dog training session. Pomeranians must be trained when young not to bark excessively. Pomeranians should also be trained not to linger at their owner’s feet, for risk of being stepped on and injured.

Size of The Pomeranian Dogs

Virtually Pomeranian dogs  ranges from 7 to 12 inches tall and weigh 3 to 7 pounds. Most litters have puppies that are throwbacks to the days when they were larger and grow to be 12 to 14 pounds or more. These puppies have the potential of  excellent choice for families with children.

Health of The Pomeranian Dogs

The Pomeranian dogs are generally healthy, however, like all breeds of the pomeranians, they’re prone to certain health conditions. Not all Pomeranians will get any or all of these diseases, but it’s important to be aware of them if you’re considering this breed. Perky and friendly, Pomeranians, even though small, need regular exercise and thrive on training. They are intelligent, but sometimes do not realize they are small and will confront larger dogs.

Other Common Health Issues 


Hypoglycemia occurs when blood sugar levels suddenly drop. This can be very dangerous for dogs, even sometimes fatal. The condition most commonly happens to puppies under the age of 3 months or small breeds of dogs. The signs can appear quickly and include weakness, loss of appetite, lack of coordination, shaking, muscle twitching, or seizures.

All Pomeranian owners should try to  keep honey in their home and give it to their pet immediately after noticing symptoms of hypoglycemia. Your dog should then be taken to a veterinarian right away for professional treatment.

Coat Loss

A coat loss condition, commonly known as Severe Hair Loss Syndrome (SHLS), can affect Pomeranians. SHLS occurs mainly in male breeds and will often arise later in a dog’s life. Your pet may start out out with a normal, healthy-looking coat that slowly thins out over time.

The thinning will typically start at the back of the thighs and move up his back. It’s a good idea to become familiar with the symptoms of coat loss in Pomeranians, as early detection is a major factor for proper prevention and recovery.


Pomeranian dogs are mostly infected with cataracts. Canine cataracts are one of the most common problems affecting the eyes of  Pomeranian dogs. Toy dogs, including Pomeranians, are extensible susceptible to this health hazard than larger breeds. There are different forms of canine cataracts which can develop for a variety of reasons and appear at any age. Symptoms include a change in eye color (sometimes gray or white), bumping into walls due to blurred vision, or swelling or redness of the eyes.

Preventive measures

The following seven preventative actions can help you keep your Pomeranian happy and healthy.

  • Choose your pet’s food carefully and precisely. Feed your Pomeranian the best quality food possible for all his meals and read labels carefully. Avoid chemicals or additives which can cause skin reactions, inflammation, or gastrointestinal problems.
  • Engage your Pomeranian dog with regular exercise preferably on a daily basis. Take your Pomeranian outside for a walk or playtime at least twice per day.
  • Bring your adult Pomeranian to the vet for a checkup once per year. Take an older dog to the vet every six months.
  • If you cannot resolve a health issue at home or are unsure what type of condition he is suffering from, don’t hesitate to call your veterinarian.
  • Make sure that your Pomeranian receives all needed vaccinations and booster shots.
  • Use a harness instead of a leash when walking your Pomeranian. This will help to prevent neck injury or a collapsed trachea.
  • Clean your dog’s teeth each day. At-home dental care is vital for preventing infections and gum disease in Pomeranians.

At last it is certain that the above article has been able to outline the facts, characteristics and brief history of Pomeranian dogs. And for you who might be interested in keeping one, you can be sure of what you’re intending to have by the above drop down of the details of Pomeranian dogs.