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Information and communication technology in agriculture (ICT in agriculture), also known as electronic agriculture, focuses on improving agricultural and rural development through better information and communication processes. Information and communication technologies provide new ways to improve the teaching and learning process in our educational sectors and most specifically Agriculture. The phenomenon of ICT is an important area of research that is studied by many academics around the world. But what are the main advantages of ICT? Continue reading to find out!
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More specifically, electronic agriculture involves the conceptualization, design, development, evaluation and application of innovative ways of using information and communication technologies (ICT) in the rural domain, with a primary focus on agriculture. ICTs include devices, networks, mobiles, services and applications; These range from innovative technologies and sensors of the Internet era to other pre-existing aids, such as landlines, televisions, radios and satellites. The provisions of standards, norms, methodologies and tools, as well as the development of individual and institutional capacities, and policy support are key components of electronic agriculture.
Many ICT interventions in agriculture or electronic agriculture have been developed and tested around the world to help farmers improve their livelihoods by increasing agricultural productivity and income, or by reducing risks. Some useful resources to learn about e-agriculture in practice are the World Bank’s e-book on ICT in agriculture, which connects small farmers with knowledge, networks and institutions.
ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) refers to technologies that provide access to information through telecommunications means such as radio, television, cell phone, computers, satellite technology; Internet, including email, instant messaging, videoconferencing and social networking websites that have made it possible for users around the world to communicate with each other to give users quick access to ideas and experiences of a wide range range of people, communities and cultures.
Agriculture is an important sector with the majority of the rural population in developing countries that depend on it. The sector faces great challenges to improve production in a situation of diminishing the natural resources necessary for production. However, the growing demand for agricultural products also offers opportunities for producers to maintain and improve their livelihoods. Information and communication technologies play an important role in addressing these challenges and raising the livelihoods of the rural poor.
The benefits of ICT to increase agricultural productivity and strengthen the agricultural sector include timely and updated information on issues related to agriculture, such as the release of new varieties, the emergence of new threats such as diseases, weather forecast, price control, warning alerts, etc.
- Understanding and addressing global agricultural developments, both advantageous and disadvantageous, is essential to improve the livelihoods of small producers, in which ICTs can play an important role.
- The continued increase in globalization and integration of food markets has intensified competition and efficiency in the agricultural sector, and has provided unique opportunities to include smaller producers in supply chains.
- Agriculture faces a series of modern and serious challenges, particularly in developing countries exposed to price shocks, climate change and continuing infrastructure deficiencies in rural areas.
The benefits of ICTs for increased agricultural productivity and strengthening the Agricultural sector include timely and updated information on agriculture related issues such as new varieties release, emergence of new threats such as diseases, weather forecast, pricing control, warning alerts etc.
- Understanding and addressing global agriculture developments both advantageous and disadvantages are critical to improving smallholder livelihoods, in which ICT can play a major role.
- The continued increase in globalization and integration of food markets has intensified competition and efficacy in the agriculture sector, and has brought unique opportunities to include more smallholders into supply chains.
- Agriculture faces a range of modern and serious challenges, particularly in developing countries exposed to price shocks, climate change, and continued deficiencies in infrastructure in rural areas.
- Increasing efficiency, productivity and sustainability of small scale farms.
- Information about pest and disease control, especially early warning systems, new varieties, new ways to optimize production and regulations for quality control.
- Better of markets resulting from informed decisions about future crops and commodities and best time and place to sell and buy goods.
- Up-to-date market information on prices for commodities, inputs and consumer trends.
- Strengthen capacities and better representation of their constituencies when negotiating input and output prices, land claims, resource rights and infrastructure projects.
- Reduce social isolation, widen the perspective of local communities in terms of national or global developments, open up new business opportunities and allow easier contact with friends and relatives.