Geography Examination Questions for Secondary School Students|SS 3 Students

Geography Examination Questions for Secondary School Students|SS 3 Students




TIME: 2 1/2 HRS

 Answer all the questions


  1. Which of the following is not being exported by Nigeria at present (a) Cocoa  (b) Columbite  (c) hides and skin
  2. Which of the following is a typical ocean floor feature? (a) Roche (B) Moutonnee (c) deep sea plain  (d) cave
  3. When the roof of a coastal care collapse ,it forms (a) a doline (b) a geo  (c) a gorge (d) a lagoon
  4. Soil profile refers to the ……… of the soil  (a) gradient  (b) slope (c)  vertical section  (d) mineral composition
  5. The layer of earth found immediately beneath the crest is called _____ (a) Hydrosphere (b) Lithosphere (c) mesosphere (d) Biosphere
  6. The busiest shipping route in the world is (a) South Atlantic, cape route (b) The Mediterranean. Asiatic route (c) The North Pacific Route  (d) The North Atlantic Route
  7. The two most populous and heavily industrialized parts of the world are (a) Western Europe and the Caribbean countries (b) Eastern part of North American and the West Coasts of Africa America. (d) Eastern part of North America and Argentina
  8. Which of the following planets has the shortest orbits around the sun? (a) Pluto  (b) Venus  (C) Mercury  (d) Mars
  9. The apparent movement of the sun occurs between the (a) North pole and South pole  (b) Tropic of cancer and tropic of Capricorn  (c) Equator and North pole  (c) Arctic circle and Antarctic circle
  10. When the moon is seen between the sun and the earth there is (a) Eclipse of the sun (b) Eclipse of the moon (c) Partial Eclipse (d) Total eclipse
  11. Changes of seasons is a result (a) Inclination of the rotation of the earth  (b) Inclination of the earth only (d)  Revolution  and inclination of the earth .
  12. Tides are caused by the gravitational pull of (a) The mars and the sun (b) Stars and the ocean (d) the stars and the moon.
  13. Which of the following is a plutonic rock? (a) Granite (b) Coal (c) Basket (d) Quartzite
  14. Which of the following is a metamorphic rock? (a) Sandstone (b) Graphite (c) Dolomite (d) Basalt
  15. Which of the following features is not associated with Vulcanicity? (a) Sill (b) Laccolith (c) Batholiths   (d) canyon
  16. When mayma intrudes along the bedding planes, it solidifies to form a (a) Dyke (b) Sill (c) Batholith
  17. A features not associated with chalk and limestone region is (a) Swallow–hole (b) Stalactite (C) Dry valley (d) Barchan
  18. The prevent types of rock in a Karst landscape is   (a) Grante (b) Conglomerates  (c) Limestone  (d) Basalt
  19. The permanent rock in which ground water is stored is known as (a) Catena (b) aquifer (c) playa (d) polje
  20. A major feature found in a river in its youthful stage is. (a) waterfall (b) Delta (c) Meander  (d) flood plain
  21. The most powerful agent of marine erosion is the (a) Swash (b) Winds (c) Waves (d) undertow
  22. When the cave roof of a blow hole collapse, the narrow roads inlet created is known as (a) geo (b) gloup (c) Dyke (d) Split
  23. In the desert , the area which is fertile known as (a) Wadi (b) Oasi (c) Salina  (d) Playa
  24. Which of the following gives the best explanation for the high daily temperature ranges in hot deserts? (a) cloudless sky (b) low rainfall (c) bare surface  (d) midday overhead sun
  25. The instrument for measuring wind speed is the (a) wind rose (b) anemometer (c) wind vane (d) barometer
  26. Places with equal air pressure are shown on maps by lines called (a) Isotherms (b) Contours (c) Isobars (d) Isohalines
  27. The layer of the atmosphere which is responsible for the weather on the surface of the earth is known as (a) Thermosphere (b) Mesosphere (c) Troposphere (d) Ionosphere
  28. Which of the following may occur as a result of concentration of carbon dioxide and sulphuric compounds in the atmosphere? (a) Cyclonic rain (b) Acid rain (c) Hurricanes (d) Thunderstorms
  29. The dark colour of the soli often indicates the (a) rate of weathering (b) Mineral and humus content (c) extent of erosion (d) Nature of parent rock.
  30. The forest is luxuriant and evergreen, it has three distinct layers of trees. Typical trees include mahogany, Iroko, and ebony which vegetation belt is described above? (a) Warm temperate forest (b) Tropical rain forest (c) coniferous forest (d) Mediterranean forest
  31. Which of the following is not an example of tropical hard wood? (a) Spade (b) Iroko (c) Wawa (d) Obeche
  32. Which of the following farm practices can be used to check soil erosion? (a) Monoculture (b) Bush burning (c) Shifting Cultivation (d) Terrace farming.
  33. Which of the following areas has high population density? (a) The middle belt of West Africa (b) The Nile basin (c) The Amazon basin (d) Queen land in Australia
  34. A conurbation is (a) a city which extends over a million hectares of land and is characterised by skyscrapers (b) a large city with over one million people  (c) a merger of more than one settlement to form a continuous built-up area, with each retaining its identify  (d) The concentration of settlement along both sides of a road
  35. Urbanization can be described as (a) Growth of towns in terms of number, population and size (b) Eventual merging of two urban centres to form a single sprawling city (c) Migration of people from urban to rural areas.
  36. Which of the following is not a problem of urbanization in West Africa? (a) Development of slums (b) Increase in prostitution (c) Establishment of industries (d) Poor waste management
  37. Which of the following is a secondary economic activity? (a) Bauxite mining (b) Petty trading (c) Food processing (d) mixed farming
  38. Which of the following is not an important industrial region in Nigeria? (a) The middle belt of Nigeria (b) North central industrial zone (c) Western part of Nigeria (d) The East Central industrial zone
  39. The practice of cultivating crops and rearing animals on the same farm is known as (a) mixed farming (b) mixed cropping (c) shifting cultivation (d) transhumance
  40. River transportation is mostly limited in Africa by (a) drainage (b) relief (c) waterfalls (d) weather
  41. Which of the following is not a major reason for the location of industries near urban centres in West Africa? (a) Cheap labour (b) Ready market (c) Availability of power (d) Promotion of export
  42. Which of the following is the most important factor limiting the volume of trade among West African countries? (a) emergence of trade blocks (b) production of similar products (c) size of market (d) too many political boundaries
  43. Which of the following economic activities is not practised in the Southern part of West Africa? (a) Cocoa cultivation (b) Oil palm production (c) Cattle rearing (d) Mineral processing
  44. Cork-oak is to Mediterranean lands as cactus is to (a) Temperate lands (b) Tropical lands (c) Hot desert lands (d) Equatorial lands
  45. Which of the following is the major effect of drought in the Sahel region of West Africa? (a) Increased solar energy (b) population migration (c) Temperature inversion (d) Rapid development of cities
  46. Through which of the following sea routes is crude oil from West Africa transported to European markets? (a) The Panama Canal route (b) The Cape route (c) The Suez Canel route (d) The North Atlantic route
  47. What method of mining is used for extracting petroleum in Africa? (a) Crushing (b) Drilling (c) Adit (d) Open Cast
  48. What is the name of the local wind that blows in West Africa between November and February? (a) Harmattan (b) Chinook (c) Monsoon wind (d) land breeze
  49. Which of the following modes of transportation provides door-to-door services? (a) Road transport (b) Rail transport (c) Ocean navigation (d) air transport
  50. Which of the following is the first stage in the process of lumbering? (a) trees are cut into logs (b) suitable species are identified (c) trees are felled with power saw (d) platforms are built for buttress trees

Study the map ADAGOLE DISTRICT, attached and use it to answer questions 51 to 60

  1. The scale of the map in statement form is (a) 1 centimetre on the map represents 1 kilometre on the ground (b) 2 centimetres on the map represents 1 kilometre on the ground (c) 3 centimetres on the map represents 1 kilometre on the ground (d) 4 centimetres on the map represents 1 kilometre on the ground
  2. Farming is common in the (a) North Western part of the map (b) North Eastern part of the map (c) South Western part of the map (d) South Eastern part of the map
  3. The Western part of R. Gembeh flows through (a) a delta (b) a gorge (c) a levee (d) an undulating plain
  4. The point where R. Isbo meets with R. Gembeh is called (a) an entrepot (b) a watershed (c) a lagoon (d) a confluence
  5. The contour interval on the map is (a) 50metres (b) 100 metres (c) 150 metres (d) 200 metres
  6. The lowest point in the mapped area is (a) North-east (b) South-east (c) South-west (d) North-west
  7. The distance as the crow flies from Bebe to Bodel is (a) 12.75km (b) 10.00km (c) 7.25km (d) 5.25km
  8. The bearing of Bodel from Bede is (a) 25.0o (b) 255.0o (c) 115.0o (d) 150.0o
  9. Which of the following statements is true about the drainage of the mapped area? (a) The watershed from which the rivers take their sources is in the North-west (b) R. Isbo and R. Gembeh are the two rivers that drain the district (c) R. Gembeh has many distributaries (d) An ox-bow lake has been formed at the point of intersection of R. Isbo and R. Gembeh
  10. The common modes of transportation in the mapped area are (a) railway and water (b) pipeline and railway (c) road and water (d) air and water

PAPER TWO–Answer four questions in all

1a.     Give fur reasons why countries engage in world trade (4 marks)

  1. Name any two sea routes through which Nigeria trades with the outside world (2 marks)
  2. Name four commodities of international trade between Nigeria and other countries (two import and two export). (4 marks)

2a.     On a sketch map of Nigeria, locate and name

(i)      two game reserves (4 marks)

(ii)      one important town in each of the areas identified above (2 marks)

  1. Suggest three ways by which tourism may be boosted in Nigeria (3 marks)

3a.     Name the three types of rainfall (3 marks)

  1. With the aid of relevant diagrams, describe the formation and characteristics of any two types named above (7 marks)

4a.     What is the shape of the earth? (2 marks)

  1. With the aid of appropriate diagrams, give four proofs to support your answer in (a) above.
  2. Represent the information in table (1) below by means of pie chart, the value of the most important exports of Nigeria in 1980, both in percentage and in degrees.

A table showing value of the most important exports of Nigeria in 1980

Export Product Value in Million










6a.     What is Environmental Pollution? (2 marks)

  1. Describe three cause of environmental pollution. (6 marks)
  2. Outline two ways in which environmental pollution can be controlled. (2 marks)