Government Examination Questions for SS3 Students|First Term

Government Examination Questions for SS3 Students|First Term

2018/2019 FIRST TERM EXAMINATION– Government Examination Questions for SS3 Students|First Term

Subject: Government

Class: SS 3

Time: 1 Hour/30 Min

Instruction: Answer ALL Questions

  1. Democracy means a system of government in which (a) the majority (b) the minority rules (c) there is no party system (d) the people rule (e) none of the above
  2. A constitution is federal if (a) it provides for a presidential system (b) it is unwritten (c) it is not unitary (d) the central and component units or authorities are co-ordinated and equal (e) there is a division of powers between a central and number of other component authorities
  3. The executives is (a) a committee (b) of the body that makes (c) the body that executes the policies of government (d) the highest organ of government (e) the body which enforces the law
  4. The judiciary is (a) an arm of the Executive (b) the body which makes law (c) a body of lawyers (d) the body which interprets the law (e) none of the above
  5. The ‘Separation of powers’ means the same thing as (a) a presidential system (b) checks and balances (c) the rule of law (d) supremacy of the judiciary (e) none of the above
  6. Rights are (a) claims which the law allows (b) claims against the states (c) claims against other individuals (d) claims which are natural to men (e) what are written in the constitution
  7. Pressure groups are (a) organisations which want to overthrow the government (b) organisation which seek to influence the policies of government (c) associations of people who share the same ideology (d) political parties (e) religion orders
  8. A cabinet system of government is practiced in (a) the USSB (b) the USA (c) the peoples republic of chain (d) the United Kingdom (e) North Korea
  9. The citizen’s obligations are (a) what the government orders (b) duties the individual imposes on himself (c) what the law requires of individual (d) what the military decrees (e) what political parties demand of their members
  10. An electoral system is the system which governs (a) the appointment of the Pope (b) how people vote (c) the conduct of elections (d) the appointment of cabinet minister (e) the appointment of judges
  11. An unwritten constitution is one which (a) is not subject to judicial review (b) is only partially written (c) is not written at all (d) is made up solely of a set of convention (e) none of the above
  12. Delegated legislation is legislation (a) which is not submitted to Parliament (b) made by judicial tribunals (c) made by a Minister acting under an Act of Parliament (d) made by a local government (e) made by a parastatal
  13. Before colonial rule, Yoruba traditional rulers were appointed by (a) the people acting through their representatives (b) Ogboni (c) Ifa (oracles) priests (d) Oduduwa (e) Kingmakers
  14. The first political party, properly so-called, was formed in Nigeria in (a) 1916 (b) 1923 (c) 1944 (d) 1948 (e) 1951
  15. The Lol Cadres a major factor in the constitutional development of the French colonial territories, was introduced in (a) 1940 (b) 1946 (c) 1950 (d) 1956 (e) 1960
  16. The Coussey Commission Report laid the ground work for the eventual independence of (a) Nigeria (b) Gambia (c) Gold Coast (Ghana) (d) Sierra Leone (e) Liberia
  17. The (former) Western Region of Nigeria became internally self-governing in (a) 1955 (b) 1956 (c) 1957 (d) 1958 (e) 1959
  18. The first Pan African conference was held in (a) Paris (b) Brussels (c) London (d) New York (e) Manchester
  19. The Public Service Commission (Nigeria) is responsible for the appointment of all (a) Judges of the High court (b) officials of public corporations (c) civil servants (d) military personnel (e) University teachers
  20. Constitutional cases in Nigeria can only be raised in the first instance in (a) the Supreme Court (b) the High Courts (c) the Court of Appeal (d) Sharia Court of Appeal (e) none of the above
  21. Which of the following would act for the Head of State when he is out of the country (a) the Chief justice of Supreme Court (b) the Chief of Staff, Army (c) The chief of Staff Supreme Military headquarters (d) The Chief of Staff, Air Force (e) The General Officer Commanding, First Division
  22. To raise funds, local government can levy (a) import duties (b) income taxes (c) excise duties (d) rates (e) profits tax
  23. The Economic Commission for Africa is an agency of (a) the OAU (b) the Commonwealth (c) the United Nations (d) the OCAM (e) the Africa Development Bank
  24. Nigeria is not a member of (a) the OAU (b) the Security Council of the UN (c) the African Development Bank (d) the Commonwealth (e) OCAM
  25. The primary function of political party is to (a) oppose the government (b) aggregate interest (c) mobilize public opinion (d) provide welfare for their members (e) provide support of the military
  26. The OAU was formed in (a) 1946 (b) 1956 (c) 1960 (d) 1963 (e) 1965
  27. All members of the newly constituted local government councils in Nigeria were (a) directly elected (b) indirectly elected (c) appointed by the state governors     (d) appointed by the Head of State (e) none of the above
  28. Which of the following is true as a major function of elections (a) the elections serve the purpose of recruitment of leaders to office in a modern state (b) the elections give the people a chance to eliminate opponents who are in office (c) they are means of testing the popularity of politicians (d) politicians use elections as tools to deceive the populace (e) elections are means by which politicians keep themselves in power
  29. The first Governor-General of Nigeria was (a) Lord Lugard (b) Dr. Nnamdi Azikwe (c) Sir James Robertson (d) (the late) Major Aguiyi-Ironsi (e) the Oni of Ife
  30. The Supreme policy-making organ in the Organisation of African Unity is (a) the Council of Ministers (b) the Assembly of Heads of State and Government (c) the General Secretariat (d) specialized Commissions (e) none of the above
  31. In which of these organs of the United Nations Organisation is veto power exercised by some countries? (a) the World Health Organisation (b) the Security Council (c) General Assembly (d) the UN Committee against Apartheid (e) the International Court of Justice
  32. In a Federal System (such as Nigeria) the Local Governments are directly responsible (a) to the Federal or Central Government (b) to the State Government (c) to the Federal and State Government (d) to no other level of government (e) to any level of government which can provide money for its programmes
  33. The 1946 Constitutions in Nigeria and the Gold Coast (Ghana) were the results of (a) pressures from nationalists within the colonies (b) pressures from the British Government (c) pressures by the United States of America (d) pressures from within and from outside these colonies (e) none of the above
  34. If the rights of the individual are violated or threatened, where can he go for redress? (a) the Executive branch of government (b) the legislative branch of government (c) the Local Government Council  (d) the Judicial branch of government (e) the Ministry of Internal or Home Affairs
  35. In the Presidential System of Government, the president is elected to office by (a) the Cabinet (b) the Parliament or Legislature (c) Military (d) the people through direct elections (e) the political party
  36. The Military take over power form politicians in West African countries (a) when politicians have become corrupt, and are reckless in their use of powers (b) when there is breakdown of law and order in the country (c) for reasons which touch on the interest of the military (d) because of the personal ambitions of some politicians (e) all of the above
  37. By establishing public corporations, governments are trying to (a) eliminate private enterprise (b) compete with private enterprises (c) render crucial service to the public in area which the civil service cannot effectively handle  (d) make quick profit at the expense of the  people (e)  B and D
  38. The Constitution of any given country must provide for (a) the distribution of powers (b) the rights and duties of the individual (c) the rule of law (d) none of the above (e) A, B and C
  39. In a model in state, pressure group find that the most effective way of achieving their purpose is by (a) causing trouble among the populace (b) influencing decisions of government (c) forming political parties (d) rigging elections to offices of the state (e) A and C
  40. Which of the following would you consider the most famous among the leaders of nationalist movements in Nigeria? (a) Kwame Nkrumah (b) General Olusegun Obasanjo (c) Herbert Macaulay (d) Anthony Enachoro (e) Dauda Adegbenro
  41. The idea of collective responsibility in the Executive branch of government means that (a) no single member of the Executives can take any responsible decision (b) a member of the Executive has no way out of decisions made in that body (c) a member of the Executive cannot publicly criticise decisions collectively made without first resigning (d) responsible within in the Executive is no unilateral (e) parliament must ratify Executive decisions collectively reached
  42. Indirect Rule, as practiced by the British in their West African colonies (a) did not attempt to reform existing traditional institutions (b) was over glorified and expedient nonsense (c) satisfied neither the rulers nor the ruled (d) had nothing in common with the reality of French rule in their colonies (e) meant ruling through existing rulers and attempting to check their excesses.
  43. The French idea of assimilation as applied in their colonies (a) was to make Frenchmen out of African subjects (b) would have been allowed to produce more Frenchmen in the colonies than in France itself (c) recognized real value in traditional African culture and was merely aimed at upgrading it (d) produced nothing but African puppets in the colonies (e) was abandoned within a couple of years if its operation
  44. The most remarkable thing about post-independence political development in the Gambia is (a) that the country has been swallowed up by the much bigger country of Senegal (b) the relatively untarnished reputation of Si Dauda Jawara (c) that without reliance on overwhelming force, the government has remained in power and tolerated operation (d) the uniquely robust economy which the government has succeeded in establishing for the country and distributed fairly among its people (e) the existence of opposition parties
  45. The dominant idea behind the establishment of the Organisation of African Unity is (a) that Africa must unite (b) to show the world that African can also do what Latin American and Asian countries have done (c) to provide a frame-work and opportunities for co-operation on common African problems (d) to promote economic development of Africa (e) to have its Secretary General co-ordinate the foreign policies of member states
  46. The nationalist movements in Nigeria and the Gold Coast (Ghana) (a) were different from each other in all respects (b) produced the same results in both countries (c) were dominated by traditional rules (d) influenced each other significantly (e) were led by philosopher kings
  47. the new Local Government Reforms in Nigeria (a) seek to establish uniformity in type, purpose and functions of local authorities (b) make traditional rulers more powerful than ever before (c) are a waste of time and the federal government money (d) promote unity but allow for some diversity in the structure of local government (e) would definitely establish clean and efficient governments at the local level
  48. The treaty establishing the Economic Community of West African Community of West African States (ECOWAS) was (a) concluded in Lome (Togo) in December, 1976, after hard and exclusive negotiations (b) designed as the main pillar on which an eventual African Common Market would be built  (c) the brain-child of Togo and Ghana (d) signed in Lagos in May 1975, to promote trade and other economic co-operation in the region as a whole (e) to immediately tariffs and  other barriers to trade among members.
  49. The Principle of universal adult suffrage refers to (a) the right of all people to vote (b) the structure of political parties (c) the legal nature of a constitution (d) the right to free speech (e) all of the above
  50. A constituency (a) is the same as a legislature (b) is part of the campaign process (c) is an area or district in which the inhabitants can send a representative to parliament (d) is an important part of every monarchy (e) consists of party executives and free-wheelers


Instruction: Answer two questions only from this section

  1. Highlight five features of the Hausa/Fulani pre-colonial system in Nigeria (10 Marks)

2a. Define Nigeria foreign policy (2 Marks)

  1. Enumerate five reasons why Nigeria adopted Africa as the centerpiece of her foreign policy (8 Marks)
  2. Highlight five functions of the judiciary as an arm of government in a contemporary society (10 Marks)

4a.     Define the concept of Non-Alignment (2 Marks)

  1. State five reasons for the ineffectiveness and problems of non-aligned movement (8 Marks)

SECTION C (THEORY): Answer Two Questions only from this Section

5a.     Highlight two aims and objectives of ECOWAS (2 Marks)

  1. State four obstacles/problems of Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) (8 Marks)

6a.     Define Commonwealth Organization (2 Marks)

  1. State four achievements of the Commonwealth Organization (8 Marks)

7a.     What is Nigerian federalism? (2 Marks)

  1. Highlight four problems of Nigerian federalism (8 Marks)

8a.     State three aims and objectives of the Untied Nations Organization (2 Marks)

  1. Highlight four achievements of the United Nations Organization (8 Marks)