GEOGRAPHY Exam Questions and answers for Secondary School Students

  • Around the _____ regions, there is hardly any variation in the length of day and night throughout the year A. Temperate Polar
  1. Equatorial D. Oceanic
  2. n the temperate regions, the four seasons are: A. Summer, winter, harmatan, drought Fog, thunder, rainy season, snow  C. Wet season, dry season, harvest season, autumn  D. Summer, winter, autumn, spring
  3. _____ are imaginary lines drawn on the globe running from west to east  Latitudes  B. Longitudes  C. Tropics  D. Rivers
  4. Latitude and longitudes are both used to determine time True or False
  5. All longitudes have equal ____ A. Lines Circumference
  6. Diameter D. Shape
  7. ______ divide the earth into equal hemispheres Solstice
  8. Greenwich C. Great circle D. North pole
  9. Lines of latitudes can also be called ____ of latitude Meridien
  10. Greenwich C. GPS D. Parallels
  11. Each latitude is a complete circle. True or False
  12. _____ means equal day and night A. Equator Midnight sun
  13. Equinox D. Hemisphere
  14. _____ is the time of the year when the sun reaches its maximum declination from the equator Equinox   B. Solstice    C. Midnight sun   D. Orbit
  15. Midnight sun can be seen in the ____ regions during summer solstice A. Tropic Oceanic  C. Desert   D. Artic
  16. _______ is one of the reason why the sun can be seen at the ontartic region during the summer solstice The tilting of the earth at an angle of  66½0    B. The tropic of cancer and Capricorn are enemies   B. The tropic of cancer and Capricorn are enemies  C. Lunar eclipse   D. The declassification of planet Pluto
  17. Calculate the approx distance between Norway 610S and beyond 420N 11000km   B. 11433km  C. 5248km  D. 8104km
  18. Calculate the approximate distance between Mambi 240N and Egbin 810 A. 6000km    B.  6120km  C. 6327km  D. 6484km
  19. What is the full meaning of GMT? _________ A. Greenwich Meridien Time    Greenwich Man Time   C. Great Measure of Time D. Global Meeting  Time
  20. _______ is NOT a local government area in Akwa Ibom State. A. Etinan Nsit Ibom  C. Isiala Ngwa  D. Uyo




1a.     Mention SIX importance of geography

  1. With THREE points, discuss the scope of geography

2a.    State THREE  differences between a village and town

  1. Discuss Uyo under: Physical characteristics with reference to these: vegetation, location, relief

3a.     Write about the solar system. State three points or characteristics

  1. Identify the last THREE planets (with respect to distance from the sun) and state ONE characteristic each
  2. With the use of diagrams, identify four proof of spherienty of the earth
  3. What is the distance of the earth from the sun?

5a.     Identify and explain THREE effects of

  1. Rotation of the earth
  2. Revolution of the earth
  3. Write short notes on
  4. Midnight sun
  5. Solstice
  • Create circle

6a.     State THREE differences between Latitude and Longitude

  1. Draw an outline of the map of Akwa Ibom State, locate any two local government areas, correctly.

7a.     A boxing tournament is scheduled to take place by 8.00pm local time in Los Angeles. (750W). At  what time should boxing fans in Nigeria (150E) switch on their televisions to watch the commencement of the  match

  1. Draw a detailed diagram showing the structure of the earth


 CLASS: SS2         SUBJECT:  GEOGRAPHY                TIME: 2 HOURS


Choose the correction option

  1. ______ industnes deal with obtaining resources or raw materials in their natural state A. Light Heavy  C. Primary  D. Secondary
  2. All the things we do to produce goods and provide services to make profit are known as _____ A. Market Business  C. Industry
  3. Work
  4. Manufacturing industries are _____ industries A. Primary
  5. Secondary C. Tertiary D. Quaternary
  6. ________ industries render services A. Quaternary Tertiary
  7. Secondary D. Binary
  8. _____ industries employ the services of mainly women A. Heavy
  9. Quaternary B. Light D. Primary
  10. ________ is an example of a quaternary industry A. Peacock paints
  11. Poultry farming C. Scientific Research Institute  D. Tranquility Hotels
  12. Secondary Industries that deal on heavy or bulky products are known as _____ industries Consumer good  B. Light   C. Heavy
  13. Primary
  14. Bulky goods should NOT be located near to their material location True or False
  15. ________ is NOT a factor of industrial location A. Nearness to source of raw material  Availalbility of capital  C. Weather condition
  16. Political stability
  17. Tax incentives and credit facilities are some of the _____ that encourage location of industries Capital  B. Politics
  18. Government policies D. Market policies
  19. _____ Raffia, cotton and dyestuff are raw materials of the ____ industry A. Pottery Leather  C. Febre  D. Metal
  20. _______ is a product of pottery A. Mat Woven clothes   C. Pots
  21. Chair
  22. _______ is the raw material used to make leather goods Raffia
  23. Cotton C. Clay D. Sheep skin
  24. Metal work products commonly found in ________in Nigeria A. Abuja Ikot Ekpene  C. Bida   D. Akwete
  25. Various brands of beers are produced in Industries known as _____
  26. Pharmacies B. Breweries D. Hotels  D. Studios
  27. ____ is a major raw material for use in textile industries A. Barley
  28. Cotton Kenaf C. Limestone D. Gypsum
  29. ______ is a factory industry in Nigeria located in Ajaokuta Chemical and Petrochemicals  B. Textile   C. Iron and Steel    D. Soft drinks.
  30. Motorvehicle and motorcycle assembling industries can be found in ________ A. Port Harcourt Ajaokuta   C. Kaduna  D. Euekoro
  31. Industries in the pittsburg industrial region in U.S.A include mining, chemical, _________ and heavy engineering A. Textile Breweries
  32. Glass making D. Soft drinks
  33. ________ is one of the factors that makes southern Japan a favourable location for industries A. Central location Skilled labour   C. Use of modern machinery   D. Presence of good coastline  for port development
  34. _______ is an advantage of localization of industries  Traffic congestion  B. Housing congestion  C. Provision of social amenities
  35. Environmental pollution
  36. _____ is NOT a factor that determines the concentration of manufacturing industries in developing countries A. large market
  37. Availability of raw materials C. escalation in crime rate
  38. Availability of capital
  39. The full meaning of GIS is _____ A. Geographic information survey
  40. Geographic information system C. Geography information and science D. Geological information survey
  41. The first known use of the term GIS was by ________ in 1968
  42. Benny Hinn B. Abraham Lincoln C. Roger Tomlinson   D. Marine Curie
  43. Geographic data refers to any data which possesses ____ characteristics Physical  B. Locational  C. Environmental
  44. Atmospheric
  45. ________ is a primary source of geographic data Maps  B. Printed documents  C. Field work  D. Coordinate geometry data
  46. ____ is the term used to associate a physical map with a spatial location through the use of co-ordinates A. Capture
  47. Georeferencing C. Manipulation D. Data analysis
  48. In the ______ data model, pictures on the earth are represented as points, lines and polygons A. Raster Vector  C. Attribute  D. Aerial
  49. _____ component is the computer in which the GIS operates
  50. Software B. Hardware C. People  D. Methods
  51. A graphic user interface (GUI) is a key component of the GIS software True or False
  52. _______ is NOT an application software A. Spreadsheet Word processors  C. computer games  D. Operating system drivers
  53. Positional data are _______ A. Used to store records and information Predominantly data that involves location of features in space
  54. Attribute data D. Data that are stated on attribute tables
  55. Rivers are NOT derived from _________ A. Lake Surface overland flow from excess ramivater   C. Swimming pool  D. Meltwater from glaciers
  56. The _______ of a river is usually found in mountainous or hilly regions A. Tertiary Upper  C. Middle  D. Lower
  57. The main function of a river at the middle course is _____ A. Erosion Transportation   C. Deposition D. Costal flooding
  58. _______ is a feature found at the upper course of a river A. Pot holes  Delta  C. Oxbow lakes  D. Meanders
  59. The gradient is more gentle, leading to a reduced velocity” This explains ________ of a river Upper course  B. Middle course
  60. Intermediate course D. Lower
  61. The main function of the upper course of a river is _______
  62. Transportation B. Deposition C. Flooding  D. Erosion
  63. At the lower course of a river the river enters into a sea through a _____ or estuary Pot hole  B. Waterfall    C. Oybuo lake   D. Delta
  64. The river enters the sea through one channel through _____ A. Delta Estuary   C. Coast  D. Beach
  65. When river piracy occurs, the victim stream is known as _____ A. Dry zone Windward side  C. Misfit river  D. Elbow of capture
  66. River piracy is a feature that occurs in the ____ course of a river
  67. Modle B. Tertiary C. Upper   D. lower
  68. _____ is a process that can be likened to chemical weathering
  69. Corossion B. corassion C. Hydraulic action  D. Allsition
  70. In Abrasion, rock pieces are used as chisels to continue leading to ____ of valleys Stretching  B. Beautifying  C. Widening and deepening  D. Extension

Study the diagram below and indicate the river transportation method where numbers have been labeled

  1. In River deposition _____ are laid first and spread into the sea as bottom set beds A. sit Clay  C. Sand  D. gravel
  2. Rivers serve as centers for tourist attraction and generate foreign exchange  True or False



  1. Identify THREE differences each between heavy industries and light industries
  2. State THREE factors that determine the concentration of industries in developing countries
  3. Draw an outline of the map of Nigeria. On this map
  4. Show and name
  5. The southeast Industrial zone
  6. The North Central Industrial Zone

iii.      The Western Industrial zone

  1. Indicate at least one state each in each of these regions
  2. Show at least one product produced in each of these regions

3a.     In the Pittsburg (Eastern U.S.A) Industrial Region, the rahrwestphalic Industrial region (Germany) and the industrial region of souther Japan. Identify the determinant factors that favour industrialization that are similar to all the three regions

  1. Mention at least two industries in each of these regions

4a.     State five contributions of the industrial sector to economic development

  1. Mention two problems of manufacturing industries in tropical Africa
  2. Proffer solutions to the mentioned problems.

5a.     State  NINE  uses of GIS and Geographic data

6a.     With the use of diagrams, discuss the formation of an ox-bow lake (indicate all the four stages with written explanations underneath).

  1. The power of a river is desired from ___________ & _______________

7a.     State SIX importance of rivers to man

  1. Expantiate on these terms

(i)       Saltation  (ii) hydraulic action     (iii) Attrition


CLASS: SS3         SUBJECT:  GEOGRAPHY                TIME: 2 HOURS


  1. _____ is NOT a consequence of climate change Melting of ice caps   B. Increasing temperatures  C. Desertification  D. Reforestation
  2. ______ is a significant and lasting change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns over periods ranging from decades to millions of change A. Cold weather Climate change   C. Climatology  D. Climatic disturbances
  3. One of the ways we can remedy the problem of climate change is through _____ A. Metting of ice caps Volcanic eruptions   C. Population reduction  C. Cancer and eye cataracts.
  4. _____ is NOT a method of environmental conservation A. Afforestation Cover cropping  C. Environmental education  D. Oil spillage and gas flaring
  5. Natural resources like _____ need to be conserved for the benefit of all of us and future generations A. Pencil B. Glass Wildlife  D. Tiles
  6. ______ is one of the methods of conserving air A. Cutting of trees  Prevention of overgrazing  C. Proper treatment and disposal of sewage   D. Prompt repair of burst pipes
  7. _____ is NOT a benefit of conservation of the environment A. It provides food for human consumption Water is useful for agricultural purpose  C. Forests can serve as centres of tourism  D. Diseases and infections
  8. ________ is the oldest system of farming in Nigeria A. Rotational bush fallow Shifting cultivation   C. Plantation Agriculture  D. Mixed farming
  9. _______ is a farming system whereby a single tree crop is cultivated on a piece of land A. Rotational bush fallow Plantation Agriculture  c. Pastoral Nomadism   D. Shifting cultivation
  10. The seasonal movement of animals up and down hill slopes is known as _______ A. Pastoral Nomadism Mixed farming  C. Transhumance  D. Rotational bush fallow
  11. In Obasanjo farms. Otta ____method of farming is practiced A. Terrace farming Intensive / Mechanized farming  C. Mixed farming  D. Rotational bush farming
  12. _______ method of farming in practiced in slopes in upland areas A. terrace farming  Transformance  C. Ranching   D. Pastoral Nomadism
  13. ________ is a common food crop in Nigeria A. Cocoa Rubber  C. Yam  D. Cotton
  14. Guinea corn and millet are food crops commonly grown in the _______ part of Nigeria A. Southern Eastern  C. Western   D. Northern
  15. Cassava and Maize are grown in virtually every state in Nigeria. True or False
  16. Cocoa is a cash crop found in the _______ part of Nigeria A. South eastern Southwest  C. North east  D. North west
  17. Why do they plant shade trees in a cocoa nursery? A. To pursue evil spirits To provide shade for cocoa seedings and food and cash C. to provide shade where children can play  D. To provide recreational facility
  18. ________ is NOT one of the condition for the growth of coca A. Rich loamy well-drained soil  Protection from direct sunlight  C. Heavy rainfall  B. Scanty rainfall
  19. After harvesting, cocoa seeds are covered with plantains leaves and after a few they will _______ A. ferment Smell good  C. Be stolen  D. Taste nicely
  20. ________ is one of the importance of cocoa to Nigeria A. Instability of world market prices  It earns foreign exchange for the country   C. Inconsistent government policies  D. Black pod disease
  21. Rubber is grown mainly in ________ state in Nigeria A. Kaduna Zamfara   C. Delta  D. Osun
  22. The liquid in the rubber tree is known as ________ Dinning processing, it is collected in a cup A. Pod Latex   C. Plastic  D. Synthetic
  23. _____ is NOT a problem of rubber cultivation in Nigeria A. slaughter tapping Competition from synthetic rubber  C. Most plantations in Nigeria  contain low yielding unimproved trees  D. Bright sunshine
  24. _____ is NOT a condition for the growth of oil palm A. Rainfall of 1500-300mm spread over most of the year A. Rainfall of 1500-3000mm spread over most of the year B. It tolerates and soils  It requires well drained soils D. Wide  rolling plains
  25. Oil palm trees produces brooms, fuel for cooking and _______ A. Whisky Palmuine   C. Plastic  D. Timber
  26. Planting period of groundnut is from ______ A. March-April April-June   C. January – April  D. Oct-December
  27. The major producing area for cotton is in _______ A. Sahel Savanna Sudan savanna    C. Guiner Savanna   D. Tropical Rain forest
  28. _________ are the major cattle rearing people of Nigeria A. The fulanis The Igbo  C. The Yorubas  D. The Efiks
  29. ______ is one of the reason why cattle rearing is restricted to Northern Nigeria The dry condition of the north ensure that the ground is dry for the cattle to trek on B. Wet  grounds that cause food  rot for cattle  C. Too much rainfall desertification
  30. _______ is one of the problems of cattle rearing A. Parasitic plants  Flow yielding trees  C. Intestinal norms attack the cattle  D. Good roads
  31. ___ is the reason why farmers stick to old methods of farming and refuse to embrace modem scientific advances A. Poor storage facilities Illiteracy and conservation  C. Rural urban migration  D. Pest and diseases
  32. _______ can be improved by the proper application of manure and fertilizers A. Shortage of capital  Poor storage facility  C. Poor soils  D. Climate problems

Study the diagram below and answer the questions that follow

  1. Identify the climatic zones of the greek climatic classification indicated in No. 33, 34 & 35.
  2. The major criticism of the greek climatic classification was that ________ A. It is too colourful It is too simple and generalized  C> It is ugly  D. The Greeks are barbarians, they knew nothing about climate
  3. Another name for the B-group climate is _______ climate Humid tropical  B. Dry climate   C. Midlatitude   D. Polar
  4. _______ is one characteristic of the E group climates Warm or cold temperate climates   B. high temperature and heavy rainfall
  5. Permanent snow and ice exist in Ice desert D. Evaporation exceeds precipitation
  6. _______ is one of the major creation of the equatorial type (AF) climate  Alaska  B. South Africa   C. Amazon Basin in Brazil
  7. Mount Kilimanjaro
  8. Diseases like _____ are common in the climate because of the weather A. Cancer Shingles  C. Malaria  D. Diabetes
  9. In the tropical monsoon climate _______ sometimes occur and can be devastating Desert encroachment  B. Forest  fores   C. Tropical cyclones and thunderstorms  D. Earthquakes
  10. Annual temperature range in the tropical continental climate is between _____ A. 18-210C   00 – 100C  C. 10
  11. The most common plant in the Bwh climate is _______ A. Mango tree Cassava  C. Caetus  D. Onion plant
  12. The natural vegetation of the Mediterranean margin claimate is ____ A. Grass Evergreen forest  C. Scanty scrub vegetation
  13. Conferous forest
  14. Warm temperate east margin climate is best developed in ___ A. Brazil U.S.A  C. China   D. Uruguay
  15. Natural disasters common in the warm temperature Eat margin area include ________ A. Deforestation Erosion  C. Hassicane
  16. Volcanoes
  17. The promises of Canada, pampas of Argentina, these are all examples of _____ climate Warm temperate East margin  B. Warm temperate  west margin  C. Warm temperate continental   D. Cold temperate continental
  18. Population in the warm temperate continental region in ________
  19. Heavy B. Thick C. Sparse   D. Dense
  20. The region is highly urbanized, highly populated and highly industrialized. This speaks of _____ climate region A. Tropical Aid
  21. Cold temperate west margin C. Alpine climate  D. Polar climate
  22. In the cold temperate east margin, the environment favour more ___ than agriculture A. Sewing Fishing  C. Wearing  D. Poultry



Answer any FIVE question

1a.     Define climate change

  1. Identify four consequences of climate change
  2. State FOUR solutions to the consequences of  climate change mentioned above


2a.     State THREE reasons why our environment needs to be conserved

  1. Propose two method each for conserving
  2. Wildlife (ii) Soil     (iii) Air


  1. Mention TWO benefit each of conservation of our environment with emphasis on (i) Water resources conservation   (ii) Mineral Resources  (iii) Forest resources
  2. State THREE step we can take to ensure that our environment is conserved.


4a.     Draw an outline of the map of Nigeria. On the map show and name the location for the following food crops. Guinea corn, yams, maize

  1. Mention FIVE importance of Agriculture to Nigerians


5a.     Draw an outline of the map of Nigeria, on this map, show and name the locations where the following cash crops are cultivated. Oil palm, rubber, groundnut  cotton

  1. Discuss two conditions important for the growth of cocoa
  2. Mention two problems of cattle rearing


  1. Study the diagram below and answer question that follow:


  1. Draw a climograph, showing the weather data given
  2. Mention the climate type indicating these statistics
  3. State the location and two other characteristics of this climate type.


7a.     State THREE differences between the sundra climate and the Alpine climate

  1. State THREE criticism of the Koppen Climate type