The different types of abnormalities in the sperm of unproductive men

abnormalities in the sperm of unproductive men
The inability of a man to get his wife (partner) pregnant can
be due to several causes. same can be said about masturbation.. One of such is an abnormal sperm. A man’s sperm can
be faulty in different ways, all of which will make him infertile. Hence, it is
important any man whose wife is finding it difficult to conceive accompanies
her to the hospital and they see the doctor

One of the most important and commonest tests a doctor (urologist)
recommends for the man, in this case, is called a seminal fluid analysis (SFA);
this test is carried out to examine the sperm for every possible abnormality
associated with infertility.

Below are the common abnormal findings from seminal fluid
analysis associated with infertility in a man:
1. Low Semen Volume
For a man to be able to impregnate a woman, the volume of his
semen at ejaculation should be at least 1.5mL. Anything less than this lowers
the chance of getting a woman pregnant. Low semen volume can be due to
retrograde ejaculation (a condition in which most of the semen enter the
bladder at ejaculation and are passed out when urinating) or obstruction of the
duct that carries the sperm from the testes to the outside.
2. Sperm Count
Also known as sperm concentration, a normal sperm count is at
least 15 million sperm cells per 1mL of semen. Sperm count less than this
decreases the possibility of any sperm cells reaching the woman’s egg in the
fallopian tubes from the vagina where they are ejaculated, and the condition is
called oligospermia (low sperm count). Wearing of tight underwear (boxers)
increases the temperature of the scrotum which can negatively affect sperm
production, leading to low sperm count.
Sometimes, there may be no single sperm cell in the man’s
ejaculate, a condition called azoospermia.
3. Sperm Movement
During seminal fluid analysis, the sperm is viewed under the
microscope and one of the findings that can affect a man’s fertility is how
fast majority of the sperm cells are moving. It has been found that if only
less than 40% of the total sperm cells in an ejaculate have normal and fast
movement; the chance of such sperm cells reaching the woman’s egg is very very
low, meaning the man will not be able to impregnate a woman.
4. Sperm Structure
Also, the shape and size of sperm cells in an ejaculate are
associated with the fertility of a man. For a man to stand a chance of
impregnating a woman during sexual intercourse, at least 30% of the total sperm
cells in his ejaculate must have normal shape and size.
Infertility in a man can result from either one or more of the
above sperm abnormalities. Moreover, these abnormalities have been linked to
lifestyle behaviour such as cigarette and marijuana smoking, excessive alcohol
intake, and constant exposure to things like radiation, lead and pesticides for
men working in some chemical factories.
After sperm analysis, the result is sent to the doctor (urologist) who may recommend additional
tests based on the identified abnormality. With these further tests, the doctor
will then explain the identified problem to the man and his wife, and counsel
them on the various treatment options such as medications, surgery. He will
also advise the man on the importance of healthy lifestyle modifications such
as stopping smoking and reducing alcohol intake; and taking occupational safety
measures in the workplace if he works in the heavy machinery or chemical
It is also important for the couple looking to have a child to
have sexual intercourse regularly, 3 times a week, especially around the time
of the menstrual cycle when the woman ovulates, and the Kangpe app has a period
calculator which helps the woman monitor her cycle with her husband.