Government Exam Past Questions For Secondary School Students

Government Exam Past Questions For Secondary School Students

  1. Which of the following best defines government as an institution of a state? A. Machinery established for exercising political power An institution established for class struggle   C. A process of organizing societal values   D. The art through which political parties are manage
  2. The most visible feature of a state is Compulsory membership A.Written constitution C. Defined geographical territory D.Sovereign power
  3. Which of the following is a reason for studying government? A. knowledge of the rights of the individual B. Acquisition of skills to work in a state-owned industry C. Helps the individual to form a pressure group   D. Enables citizens to vote during election
  4. Government refers to all the following EXCEPT  A. An academic field of study   B. A process of making and enforcing laws  C. An institutions made up of people with common interest    D. An organization group of people that formulate policies
  5. All the following are experienced by a community without government EXCEPT Insecurity   B. Planned development   C. Lawlessness D.Political anarchy
  6. As an academic field the study of government does not include A.Political economy B. Comparative politics C. Public administration    D. Ecological interaction
  7. Which of the following systems of government is authoritarian in nature Capital system   B. Facism    C. Republicanism
  8. Constitutional monarchy
  9. The system that allows the opposition to participate in government is A. Dictatorial Collectivism    C. Aristocratic   D. Democratic
  10. Which of the following hinders the establishment of a representative government in a state Mass illiteracy   B. Existence of pressure group  C. Vibrant political culture   D. Independent electoral commission
  11. Which of the following is NOT an attribute of a state Definite territory  B. Population   C. Government  D. Common language
  12. In a democracy, political sovereignty is vested in the A. Judges
  13. People C. Legislature D.  Executive
  14. According to Charles Montesquieu, the theory of Separation of Powers is to prevent  Influence   B. Authority   C. Power
  15. Arbitrariness
  16. Decentralization is a common feature of A. Totalitarian system of government Federal system of government   C. Unitary system of government    D. Fascist system of government
  17. Bye-laws are made through A. Delegated legislature Executive instrument   C. Presidential  order   D. Emergency power
  18. Conventions are mostly used by states that have A large number of illiterates    B. A lot of people not interested in political activities
  19. Unwritten constitution D. Rigid constitution.
  20. One advantage of a flexible constitution is that it can lead to dictatorship  B. Can easily be manipulated  C. Is best suited for a federation   D. can be amended by a simple majority
  21. A constitution that requires complicated procedure for its amendment is A. rigid Flexible   C. Written   D. Unwritten.
  22. Government is defined as a agency established to manage the affairs of A. Rulers Foreigner  C. The state   D. All workers
  23. A function of government is A. Controlling electoral commission
  24. Organizing pressure groups C. Making of laws D. Forming political parties.
  25. Government maintains law and order through the following EXCEPT A. Police  Immigration    C. The legislature  D. Prison service
  26. According to Karl Max, socialism developed as a consequence of the evils of A. Monarchy Communalism    C. Feudalism   D. Capitalism
  27. A system of government which is based on public ownership of means of production and distribution are called A. Socialism Capitalism  C. Feudalism  D. Oligarchy
  28. Which of the following is NOT a feature of a state? A. Sovereignty
  29. Government C. Mass media D. Territory
  30. Acceptability of the government in power by the governed is known as A. Legitimacy Sovereignty  C. Democracy   D. Authority.
  31. For democracy to be sustained in a country it needs a A. Rich political leaders Well-informed electorate   C. Partial electoral commission  D. Large police force
  32. Which of the following agents can be considered as the most effective agent of socialization? The  Family  B. Peer group   C. School
  33. Mass media
  34. The theory of separation of powers was propounded by A. A.V. Dicey Max Weber   C. Charles Montesquieu   D. Gabriel Almond
  35. A constitution is considered to be flexible if it A. Can be amended by a simple majority Can be altered through special procedure
  36. Requires two third majority D. Is difficult to amend.
  37. Which organ of government is saddle with the responsibility of law making? Legislature  B. Executive  C. Judiciary  D. Ombudsman
  38. The execution and implementation of law is performed by
  39. Judiciary B. Civil societies C. Executive  D. Legislature
  40. The act of compelling an individual to get things done with the use of threat is ________ A. Power Authority  C. Legitimacy
  41. Sovereignty
  42. The legal right granted to an individual to enforce power is called _____ Government   B. Authority   C. Power   D. Political socialization
  43. Which of the following is NOT a form of power? A. Military power
  44. Political power C. Herorist power D. Economic power
  45. The following are sources of political authority EXCEPT Legal  rational   B. Traditional authority  C. Charismatic authority
  46. Institutional Authority
  47. The acceptance and recognition of government by the citizens is called ____ A. legitimacy Sovereignty  C. Advocacy   D. Oligarchy
  48. The following are factors that determine legitimacy EXCEPT Bad government  B. Good governance   C. Respect for customs and traditions   D. Periodic free  and fair election
  49. Legitimacy encourages ____ in government Stability   B. Instability   C. Centralization    D. Decentralization
  50. The first political philosopher who practiced sovereignty is _____
  51. Jean Bordin B. A. V. Dicey C. Thomas  Hobbes   D. Frederick Lord Laggard
  52. The legal authority a state have to make and enforce laws is called
  53. Authocracy B. Sovereignty C. Democracy  D. Force
  54. The limitations of sovereignty include the following EXCEPT
  55. Constitutional limitations  B. International law   C. Multiplicity of associations   D. All of the above
  56. The system of government in which the people exercise their franchise is _____ A. Capitalism Democracy    C. Aristocracy  D. Plutocracy
  57. Which mode of democracy does government actions always advances the interest and welfare of the people? Communist model   B. Non-communist  model  C. Authoritarian model   D. Military mode
  58. The non-communist mode of democracy was first practiced in
  59. Rusia B. Greek C. Rome   D. Australia
  60. Which of the following is NOT a feature of democracy? A. Rule of law Political equality  C. Majority   D. Decree
  61. Who propounded political culture? A. Gabriel Almond Thomas Hobbes   C. Nelson Mandela    D. John Locke

  1. The beliefs, attitude and pattern of orientation of the people toward politics is called A. Political Evaluation   Political culture
  2. Political socialization D. Political equality
  3. Which of the following is NOT a components of political culture?
  4. Cognitive orientation B. Evaluative orientation C. foreign orientation   D. Affective oreitnation
  5. The first political philosopher to practice sovereignty is ______ A. A. V. Dicey Jean Bordin    C. Aristotle  D. Osama Bin Ladin
  6. The principle that gurantee the sharing of power and functions between the arms of government is _____ A. Check and balance
  7. Separation of power C. Statutory principle D. Dictatorship
  8. An economic and political system in which the state manages and controls all activities is described as A. Capitalism socialism
  9. Welfarism D. Federalism



1a.     Define government

  1. List and explain any five functions of government

2a.     Differentiate between power and authority

  1. State three ways of acquiring political authority

3a.     What is legitimacy?

  1. List and explain three ways of acquiring legitimacy
  2. Discuss government as an academic field of study

5a.     Differentiate between political culture and political socialization

  1. State FIVE agents of socialization

6a.     Define capitalism

  1. Highlight FIVE features of capitalism