Immunization is one of the most significant advances in public health and
is estimated to have saved more lives in Nigeria,Africa and the world by extension, subsequently over the past 50 years
than any other health intervention.Everybody wants to do what is best for his or her child.
can kill. In fact, they kill infants, children and adults. But, there is a saying that goes “Prevention
is precisely better than cure”. It is good to prevent our bodies from getting diseases so
as to have good health. A healthy person will live long and will be able to
carry out all the activities expected of any living thing.
our bodies from getting diseases.
making our environment clean, drinking boiled water, cooking our food properly,
taking balanced diet, and doing exercises.
our bodies would be free from most water-borne diseases (diseases contracted
through drinking and use of contaminated or unclean water such as cholera,
dysentery and typhoid).
still find their way into the body, and once they get into the body, one
important way to fight them is by immunization, which must have been taken
before the diseases come into the body.
chapter, we shall learn about immunization, how the body
diseases that can be infected by immunization. If you may ask, what is Immunization?
introducing vaccines into the body, to protect the body from certain deadly
diseases and infections. This is done by experts like doctors who give
vaccinations or inoculations, through injections. The injection of dead or
weakened disease causing organisms (germs) into the body is to enable the persons to develop antibodies (‘soldiers’ of the body that fight
ability to stop its being affected by some diseases. This is known as immunity.
This is how this happens. Once disease germs enter the body, the body produces
antibodies. The antibodies react and destroy the germs. If these antibodies
have been made through immunization, the body makes them again to protect
itself against the particular harmful microorganisms.
blood produce antibodies regularly to
stage, the body is said to be immune to the disease.
different diseases. Both children and adults can be immunized.
during pregnancy. The pregnant mother is usually subjected tetanus medication to avoid vaccine
at the ante-natal clinic, specifically when the pregnancy is about 20 weeks
old, while the second round is given 4 weeks later.
that need immunization
commonly cause preventable death in children. These are:
for these diseases is better taken from a reputable health
doctors nurses can do it in the right way without any error. The
table below shows the types of vaccine the types of vaccine children should
take, when to take them.
be given against small pox, cholera
Type of vaccines needed
Age at which it should be given
Early pregnancy, Ages 4 weeks, 6 months, 1 year and 4
At birth, ages 6 weeks , 10 weeks and 14 weeks
Diphtheria, whooping cough
Age 6 weeks, 10 weeks and 14 weeks
keep them safe. But, do you know that one of the best ways to protect
your children is to effectively ensure that they are all properly vaccinated? Diseases can be prevented by taking
clean water and by immunization. Immunization protects people from
by immunization are polio, tuberculosis, measles, whooping cough. Tetanus,
yellow fever, and diphtheria
of deaths of children in Nigeria.
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